Pankow is the third of Berlin’s many boroughs. In 2011, when Berlin had its administrative reform, the borough of Pankow was merged with the former boroughs of Prenzlauer Berg and Weißensee, the new borough retained the name Pankow.
The borough Pankow was named after the river Panke with covers northeast of the city region, and also includes the inner city locality of Prenzlauer Berg. The borders in the west are Mitte and Reinickendorf, Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg in the south side, and Lichtenberg is the border in the east. Pankow is the largest of Berlin’s boroughs in terms of population and the second largest by means of area, next to Treptow-Kopenick.
In the years between 1945 and 1960, the Schönhausen Palace located at the nearby Majakowskiring street in the Niederschönhausen locality of Pankow was the place where many members of the East German Government were housed. Because of this, western writers often referred to Pankow as a metonym for the East German regime—as an example, the song “Sonderzug nach Pankow” by Udo Linderberg reflected the event.
Germany’s largest synagogue, the Rykestrasse Synagogue, is located in the Prenzlauer Berg locality. The Weißensee Cemetery, which is also located in Pankow, is one of the largest Jewish cemeteries in Europe. The Wohnstadt Carl Legien, which means residential town and is located in the northern Prenzlauer Berg, is part of the Berlin Modernist Housing Estates UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Weißer See is Pankow’s largest natural body of water.
There are 13 localities included in the Pankow borough. These are Prenzlauer Berg, Weissensee, Blankenburg, Heinersdorf, Karow, Stadtrandsiedlung Malchow, Pankow, Blankenfelde, Buch, Französisch Buchholz, Niederschönhausen, Rosenthal, and Wilhelmsruh.
The locality of Pankow is being served by the U2 line of the Berlin U-Bahn at the stations Vinetastraße and Pankow. S-Bahn service is available at the railway stations of Berlin-Pankow, Pankow-Heinersdorf and Wollankstraße. Another way to reach Berlin’s inner city is by riding the M1line of the Berlin Straßenbahn. If travelling by automobile, the Bundesstraße 96a federal highway from Berlin toward Oranienburg runs through Pankow along the Mühlenstraße and Schönholzer Straße. Also, Pankow can be reached riding the Bundesautobahn 114, where the ride starts from the Berliner Ring at the Prenzlauer Promenade.
The former Pankow, before the unification of the three boroughs, was very green, a middle-class district with an atmosphere that is laid back and had some minor tourist spots. Weissensee was a large residential district and Prenzlauer Berg is dealt with in East Central.
As of today, tourists have been visiting the borough to check out the historical landmarks and tourist spots that Pankow has. Some of these are the Gedenkstätte Hohenschönhausen or the Stasi Prison, the Kinderbauernhof Pinke-Panke, which is a farm that kids will enjoy, and the Gethsemanekirche, also known as the Gethsame Church, which is a vital landmark in the Pankow borough. The Luychener Strasse is also a famous street and a landmark for tourists because it is where visitors usually hang out for brunch or coffee, check the Sunday market for fresh fruits, bread and organic items, and eat in different types of restaurants.