Mitte, a German term for “middle” or “centre”, is the center borough of Berlin. Regarded as the heart of Berlin, Mitte offers several major tourist spots within the city. It is home to the famous historic centre of Alt-Berlin, located near the churches of St. Mary and St. Nicholas. Even before the 2001 administrative reform of Berlin, Mitte was already a self-governing region. Mitte was formed, retaining its name, when the union of the previous regions, Wedding and Tiergarten took place in the course of the administrative reform.
Mitte covers some of Berlins’s remarkable tourist attractions such as Brandenburg Gate, the Reichstag, Berlin Hauptbahnhof, Museum Island, Unter den Linden, and Potsdamer Platz. Majority of the sites are located in East Berlin.
Mitte, which is located in the center of Berlin along the Spree River, is in the boundary on Tempelhof-Schöneberg in the southwestern side, Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg in the southeastern area, Pankow in the east, and Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf in the west. Mitte, navigable by the Spree River, is restricted in the vicinities of Wedding, Gesundbrunnen, Prenzlauer, Tiergarten, Moabit, Kreuzberg, and Berg.
The district of Mitte is subdivided into 13 sectors. These include Friedrichswerder, Neukolin an Wasser, Friedrichstadt, Dorotheenstadt, Alexanderplatz, Spandauer Vorstadt, Scheunenviertel, Stralauer Vorstadt, Rosenthaler Vorstadt, Oranienburger Vorstadt, Friedrich Wilhelm Stadt, Collin, and under it are Museum and Fischer Islands, and finally Alt-Berlin, which is composed of Luisenstadt and Nikolaivierte.
The borough of Mitte, in its present day has six regions. These regions are Moabit, Wedding, Gesundbrunnen, Mitte, Tiergarten, and Hansaviertel.
Mitte’s course of history is in relation to the significant history of the whole city up to the early years in the 20th century. Concerning the 1920 Greater Berlin Act, Mitte was established as the first district of the city. Mitte, was also one of the places that was mostly affected as it was seriously devastated during the Second World War.
During the years 1961 until 1990, Mitte, the main borough of East Berlin, which is adjacent to three western zones of the city, was contained by the Berlin Wall. One of the most crucial control points is Checkpoint Charlie, managed by the United States Army and its associates. This Checkpoint is open to civil servants and foreigners.
According to a survey in 2010, the region of Mitte had a total population of 322,919 inhabitants. 44.5 % had a migration history. In the previous places in West Berlin such as Moabit, Wedding, and Gesundbrunnen, foreigners as well as natives who have foreign origin comprises approximately 70% of the entire population.
Mitte, a well-developed district is definitely a place where tourists could enjoy visiting its fascinating places. Some of the remarkable buildings and structures are Berlin Cathedral, Berlin State Opera, Neues Museum, Friedrichswerder Church, Humboldt University, James Simon Gallery, and a lot more. Some of the famous places, streets, and squares include Friedrichstrabe, Alexanderplatz, Unter den Linden, Museum Island, Karl Marx Allee, Lustgarten, and Potsdamer Platz. With several impressive galleries and museums as well as its rich history, Mitte is absolutely a place one must visit.